Older workers who feel threatened by millennials in the workplace just received more bad news. A federal law barring age discrimination in employment applies only to those currently employed–not those new applicants who may be applying for a job.
Seeking candidates with no more than seven years of experience
The plaintiff in the case, Dale Kleber, applied for a position as a senior counsel at CareFusion when he was 58 years old. The job posting said that they were seeking candidates with no more than seven years of experience, a restriction that would likely hurt the chances of older applicants. This criterion did, in fact, eliminate older, more experienced candidates. The result? CareFusion hired a 29-year-old candidate, and Kleber filed an age discrimination lawsuit in December 2014.
The ADEA has protected against age discrimination for more than 50 years
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which took effect in 1968, is designed to protect workers age 40 and older from bias in the workforce. In a dissenting opinion to this ruling, Judge David Hamilton wrote that the majority was “closing its eyes to 50 years of history, context and application.”
Older workers being replaced by younger, less expensive staff
As employers look for ways to cut costs, eliminating their older, more experienced–and more expensive staff–can be easy ways to reduce budgets. Younger, less experienced workers come with a lower price tag. For many employers, it seems that experience has lost its value. But it’s not all bad news.
Looking to the UK for inspiration, olderpreneurs have found a way to thrive
In the UK, an estimated one in five people over 50 is self-employed—a higher proportion than for any other age group. They’re called olderpreneurs, and there are now nearly 1.8 million self-employed people over the age of 50, an increase of 21% since 2008.
Encouraging stories of valuing older workforce here at home
Military shipbuilding company Huntington Ingalls Industries operates The Apprentice School in Newport News, Virginia. It takes a long time to become a master shipbuilder, and this company places a high value on experience; an estimated 39% of their workforce is made up of baby boomers.
PKF O’Connor Davies is part of a network of independent accounting and advisory firms, and they’re looking for ways to accommodate and keep their older employees. Strategies include working shorter hours and working from home at least a few days/week.
Silvercup Studios is a family-owned film and television production company in New York. Two workers recently celebrated their 30th anniversaries with the company. Silvercup likes people with experience–they’re more settled and loyal. The company understands that the costs of acquisition and training are high and wants to keep good employees.
What’s next for the 8-4 ruling from Chicago’s full U.S. Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals?
“We strongly disagree with the decision and find it very disheartening that the court interpreted a civil rights law so narrowly, despite the statutory language and the great weight of Supreme Court precedent,” said Dara Smith, an attorney for AARP Foundation Litigation, which represented the plaintiff. “Mr. Kleber and all older job seekers deserve all of the protections Congress intended to give them. As of now, we are considering our options for next steps.”
As we prepare our Living Trusts, many of us reflect on what we will pass on to our children. Property and other assets will be divided among our heirs, but a legacy can transcend money and material goods.
My mother passed on that which really mattered
My own parents lived well into their 90s and died within a few months of each other. As we cleaned out their home, my siblings and I found nothing that we wanted to keep as mementos. No jewelry, artwork or prized keepsakes. Yet it was my mother who left us so much of what really mattered. Smart, funny and indefatigable, my mom taught us to be critical thinkers; she instilled her love of learning, a strong work ethic, a sense of humor and creativity. That was my mom’s legacy. We weren’t a family who took pictures or recorded our lives in any way. Sadly, I have nothing with which to remember my mom now but a single treasured picture that lives on the corner of my desk.
Fortunately, other families are more sentimental, more conscious of the importance of documenting their lives and passing down traditions from one generation to the next, of keeping customs and legacies alive. They can do this in a number of ways, according to the interests of their families and cultures.
Sharing favorite recipes with her daughters
I read about one mother who was a fabulous cook. She loved to bake and made incredible breads and pastries. She made an elaborate wedding cake for each of her six daughters’ weddings. The gifts she passed on to her daughters were handcrafted cookbooks. Her daughters treasured those recipes and liked to think about how much love their mom poured into the creation of each book. They looked forward to passing these family recipes on to their own children.
Crafting personalized photo albums
Another mother of three adult children created photo albums for each of her three grandchildren. She and her husband take each grandchild on an annual trip to an exciting destination. The photos, along with mementoes, ticket stubs, descriptions and itineraries are all collected in an album. She wants her grandchildren to keep these wonderful memories, just as her children did before them.
Recording travel adventures
For seniors who can still travel, this is a wonderful way to share and record those experiences. One website recommends Elderhostel, a nonprofit that organizes travel for seniors and their families/guests. It provides a structured environment that focuses on accessibility and learning. Creating an album of photos and other mementoes of those travel adventures is a wonderful way to capture memories.
Creating unique videos
One mother of four wanted to leave her children a video of advice and stories passed down from generations. The video, carefully created and archived over a period of years, turned out to be a cherished family keepsake that has helped all the generations not only learn and respect their ancestors, but also feel tied to generations past. This is a wonderful way to understand a family’s history and journey to America.
We’re living in the fast lane
While we post Instagram stories that disappear within 24 hours, we’re now considering legacies that will transcend generations, that will be just as relevant now as they are 20 or 40 years or more. There’s room for both.
A multipronged retirement plan based on creating community
Sarah Peveler is 71, divorced and childless, and she’s actively orchestrating her retirement plan. She needed to find a place with a mild climate, where she could make friends and walk everywhere. She decided on Tarboro, NC—75 miles from Raleigh, a nice-sized town of 11,000 with mild weather.
Ms. Peveler paid cash for her one-story home. One of the bedrooms can be converted into an apartment if she needs a caretaker. Several mini-strokes had caused some cognitive impairment, so Ms. Peveler’s doctor monitors her regularly. A family history of dementia means that she is checking out assisted-living facilities. With no immediate family, Ms. Peveler has developed a surrogate family of friends and neighbors who keep tabs on her. She also signed up for EyeOn App, a service that signals three friends if she doesn’t reply within a half hour to scheduled cellphone alerts.
“Elder orphans” need to build their own support systems
Adult children typically help elderly parents negotiate housing, social-service and healthcare options. “Elder orphans”—aging Americans without children–need to build their own support structures. People who are aging alone need to make plans when they are still independent and functional. They need to learn about community resources and when to start using them. Services could include senior-friendly housing and the growing number of home-delivered products and services that target the aging solo market, including healthy meals and doctors who make house calls.
Creating a team that can help make important decisions
One of the first steps childless people should take is to hire an elder-law lawyer to draw up documents that will protect them if they become incapacitated. Childless people typically turn to a friend, lawyer, clergy, a niece or nephew to make medical decisions. A bank’s trust unit can take on financial tasks, with a friend, a relative or a lawyer monitoring the bank’s decisions.
One elder-law attorney suggests appointing a team that includes a lawyer, healthcare and financial agents, an accountant and a geriatric care manager. The team can step in if/when it becomes necessary. The client could assign a network of friends and neighbors to call the lawyer in an emergency or if they notice cognitive decline.
Housing options for elder orphans seeking community
One very successful housing model is one that includes its own built-in support system—a continuing-care retirement community. Residents generally start in an independent living unit. When it becomes necessary, they can move to the facility’s assisted-living unit or a skilled-nursing facility. Entrance and monthly fees for this kind of facility tend to be substantial.
Most seniors want to remain in their own homes for as long as possible
Changes in Medicare mean that seniors who qualify can now get in-home services such as help with chores and safety devices. Simple home aid not only impact patients’ wellbeing but reduce costs for taxpayers.
In Washington, D.C., clients of Iona Senior Services can arrange for a care manager to be on call as their health deteriorates. If a client is discharged from a hospital, for example, the care manager, in consultation with the designated healthcare agent, would arrange for rehabilitation or home care.
Volunteer neighborhood groups responding to the needs of their communities
Meanwhile, as the huge baby boomer population ages, a growing number of volunteer neighborhood groups is providing both social connections and practical help to those who are home alone.
In an earlier article we wrote about the Caring Collaborative, an organization that brings senior women together to help with short-term illness or disability. In places like New York City, senior single women can become anonymous and lonely. When “Eileen” broke her ankle and was laid up for several months, she called the Caring Collaborative, and they responded. One woman brought a wheelchair, another a shower chair. Some stopped by each day just to chat. Others brought lunch or dinner.
Many organizations are responding to the growing needs of an aging boomer market
More than 200 organizations in the Village to Village Network in the New York area provide rides to medical appointments, snow removal, home repairs and computer support. Villages in 150 additional neighborhoods are in development. Tax-deductible membership fees can range from $100 to $400.
Entrepreneurs and companies, many nationwide, are moving into the longevity market. On-demand services, accessible by a phone app or a computer, can connect people to personal assistants and food delivery.
“The on-demand marketplace will be the best friend of elder orphans,” said Mary Furlong, a Silicon Valley consultant to companies that cater to seniors. Lyft is working with healthcare systems and retirement communities to provide rides to non-emergency medical appointments and other destinations.
For those aging solo, community is essential. It’s easy to become isolated at a time when you most need to be connected. Experts urge seniors to reach out to community organizations and find ways to get involved. Look for senior centers, libraries and other organizations that host events, lectures and other programs. They’re great ways to meet interesting new people and make friends.
Creating a Living Trust is another important part of retirement and life planning
Ask tax professionals, and they’ll tell you that this year may be the most grueling tax season in memory.
The shutdown.The IRS is “on shaky ground after the 35-day shutdown that began in late December”, said former Internal Revenue Service Commissioner Mark Everson.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. The new tax laws went into effect in 2019, and they’ve been a major contributor to this year’s tax difficulties. This law was hastily formulated and passed, with little thought to how the new rules would impact or merge with existing, longstanding laws.
System redesign. In addition to all the changes in deductions based on the new tax law, the overhaul also required a redesign of many of the IRS’ forms and systems. And it’s still reeling from several years’ worth of funding cuts that Republicans pushed through to punish the IRS for targeting conservative groups during the Obama administration.
Computer malfunctions. Computer issues have plagued the IRS as it tries to update systems built on 1950s-era technology. Improving security is critical to keeping our financial information secure.
Last year, the IRS extended the filing deadline by a day after its website crashed on what was supposed to be the filing deadline. I had a personal experience with the IRS’ computer problems when I received a friendly note informing me that I owed $3,000 from my 2017 taxes.
I freaked out and called my accountant. She explained that it was a computer problem that was occurring on a fairly routine basis. She prepared a letter for me to submit to the IRS, and that settled the matter. But it’s unsettling. No one wants to be receiving hate mail from the IRS.
Tax filing season officially starts on January 28
According to the IRS, taxpayers should expect to get their refunds back on time. But the nation’s longest shutdown ended just days before the official start of the tax season. In the final days of the impasse, with neither side budging, the IRS called tens of thousands of employees back to work.
Those forced back to work without pay sued the federal government
More than half of those workers didn’t show up for work. They, along with thousands of other federal employees, worked without pay throughout the shutdown–pawns in a game of political ping-pong. The National Treasury Employees Union, which represents IRS workers, sued the federal government during the standoff, saying it was unconstitutional for the agency to require so many employees to work without pay.
Longer-term implications of the shutdown
About 25 information technology staff members a week quit during the shutdown, and another two dozen IT workers retired during that period.The shutdown made it difficult for the agency to recruit and hire seasonal staff.Those who rely on IRS help are often low-income taxpayers who depend on refunds to pay for major expenses, such as health care. According to Caroline Bruckner, managing director at the American University’s Kogod Tax Policy Center, there are “serious consequences” if the refunds are delayed or smaller than anticipated.
One CPA’s prediction: Filing an unpreceded number of extensions
Ironically, tax preparers had been concerned about this tax season because of the many changes associated with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Add in the shutdown, with IRS workers forced to show up for work without pay, and tax professionals knew they were in for a difficult season. According to one longtime San Francisco CPA, “I suspect I’m going to be filing an unprecedented number of extensions.”
The IRS recommends filing electronically to minimize errors and receive your refund faster
Just as paying taxes online can be faster and easier, so is creating your Living Trust. Many of our clients begin the intake process before even visiting our office, and we’re available by phone and email for questions. For those who live outside the Bay Area, we canalso work remotely. Schedule an appointment today by contacting us atone of our three Bay Area offices. Our dedicated team is helpful, compassionate and affordable.