5 Things You Need to Know about Beneficiary Designations
When creating Living Trusts, most of us know that we need to identify our beneficiaries and the way in which we distribute our assets among them. But something that not infrequently happens is that someone will name a beneficiary in a Will or Living Trust without regard to the beneficiary designation for the individual accounts. When creating Trusts, we remind our clients to make sure their beneficiary designations have been updated to reflect their preferred beneficiary.
Transfer on death assets
Assets that are registered as “transfer on death” or “payable on death”–retirement plans, life insurance policies, IRAs and annuities–automatically pass to beneficiaries when you die, avoiding a legal proceeding.
Here are 5 things you may not know about your assets and beneficiary designations
1. Your beneficiary designation takes precedent over your Will.
This is especially important if you remarry and forget to change old beneficiary designations. In the case of one recent client, he remarried and updated his Trust so that if anything happened to him his new wife would inherit his assets. What he didn’t realize, however, was that if he died, it would be his ex-wife who would inherit his life insurance policy and brokerage accounts because he hadn’t changed the beneficiary designations.
2. Consider the tax consequences for your beneficiary
If you designate someone other than your spouse as a beneficiary, the amount will be counted as your taxable estate and may push you above the estate-tax limit. Inherited assets will be included in their estates as well, which could push them over the tax exclusion limit.
If you leave company retirement plan funds to someone other than your spouse, they may have to take distributions and pay tax on those distributions. A spouse could roll over those assets into an IRA.
3. The custodian (bank, insurance company, etc.) must have your beneficiary form on file.
If the custodian of your account does not have your beneficiary on file, legally there is no beneficiary at all.
4. Some assets/accounts can cost your beneficiaries a lot of money if they pass through the estate
An IRA with a designated beneficiary, for example, is protected from creditors when the owner dies. If it passes through the estate, it can be used to pay the decedent’s debts.
5. Consider beneficiaries with special needs
Those who have dependents with special needs may be taking advantage of government benefits to provide for their wellbeing. Their eligibility for these benefits may be adversely affected if assets are bequested to them directly.
Creating a Special Needs Trust can ensure that these dependents keep their government benefits, remaining eligible to receive additional support from an inheritance.
We encourage our clients to update their Living Trusts with major life changes—those things that might affect an inheritance—birth, death, marriage or divorce. This is a good time to make sure account designations are up to date as well.